The Commission and the UK Government agreed on the draft Withdrawal Agreement at negotiation level. On 22 November 2018, they agreed on the Political Declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship between the EU and the UK. On 25 November 2018, the European Council (Article 50) formally approved these two documents. The agreement also provides for a transitional period that will last until 31 December 2020 and may be extended by mutual agreement. During the transition period, EU legislation remains applicable to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The Protocol provides for the preparation for the application of the civil rights part of the VA and allows for the application of UNION legislation at Gibraltar airport if the United Kingdom and Spain reach an agreement on this point; justifies cooperation between Spain and the United Kingdom in the areas of taxation, environmental protection and fisheries, police and customs. The Memoranda of Understanding between the United Kingdom and Spain facilitate cooperation at operational level between the competent authorities of Gibraltar and Spain, in particular through the use of joint committees in the areas of citizens` rights, the environment, police, customs and tobacco. The provisions on citizens` rights were adopted by the UK and the EU in the draft Withdrawal Agreement of March 2018. There is no modification or addition of content, except in the provisions relating to the rights of nationals of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. .

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